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What is a Root Canal?
Root canal is a dental treatment undertaken to repair tooth decay or tooth infection where the pulp of the tooth, composed of nerves, blood tissues and connective tissue, becomes inflamed or infected. During a root canal the pulp of the tooth is removed with the canals both cleaned and sealed to prevent bacteria with treatment lasting.
We at The Hillside Smile Dental Care are highly skilled and qualified in performing root canals.
Why is a Root Canal necessary?
Symptoms that indicate nerve or pulp damage vary from patient to patient. More common symptoms of acquiring root canal treatment are; a toothache which causes prolonged sensitivity when consuming hot or cold liquids or foods, sometimes accompanied by headaches. An abscess may cause swelling or bleeding around the tooth or surrounding parts.
Damage to the pulp or nerve of the tooth requires a root canal and can occur for a number of reasons including;
Abscess (infection): where an infection forms causing pockets of pus around the end of the root resulting in complete damage of the pulp. Antibiotics may prevent the infection from spreading but a root canal is necessary to prevent onset of further dental issues.
Deep Cavity: where tooth decay extends deep into the cavity causing the pulp to become infected with bacteria and resulting in decayed tissue at the end of the root.
Dental Trauma: traumatic incident where a tooth has been knocked out with great force causing the nerves and pulp of the tooth to be damaged.
Root canal treatment is a beneficial procedure that enables appropriate dental health and functionality for an effective period of time. We are committed in providing patients with a detailed overview of the potential benefits and possible consequences of having a root canal.
How is a Root Canal procedure performed?
Undergoing root canal treatment at The Hillside Smile Dental Care requires a few dental visits to determine whether or not root canal treatment is necessary. Dental x-rays are necessary to identify the root canals and any underlying infections surrounding the bone. Numbing the area through local anesthesia is essential in ensuring our patients feel at ease with a rubber dam placed over the tooth to keep the area dry from saliva overflow. Subsequently, a hole is drilled into the affected tooth and the pulp along with the bacteria is removed from the canals and the canals are cleansed with sodium hypochlorite. If an infection is present in the tooth, a medication may be placed inside to clear it with a temporary filling placed in the hole until the tooth is ready for the sealing process. During the next visit, the canals of the affected tooth are filled with paste and a rubber compound called gutta-percha with a permanent filling applied to seal the opening of the tooth. In order to prevent the tooth from further damage, restoration services are essential which may include the placement of a crown or post to protect the tooth after a root canal.
Symptoms of discomfort and tooth sensitivity are common following the completion of root canal treatment and can be treated with over-the- counter medications.